Is one of the most common ocular diseases of older people (so-called senile cataract). Cataract is a loss of eye lens purity. It is reflected by decreased visual acuity, fuzzy vision, change in eye diopter, change in color perception, dazzling. About a third of people over sixty years of age have a cataract on at least one eye. With an increasing age its incidence is rising steadily. Although the most common reason of cataract is natural aging of the eye lens, it can also arise during metabolic diseases such as diabetes, due to certain drugs (corticosteroids), or as a result of eye injury or excessive alcohol consumption..
How is the cataract treated?
The only option for cataract treatment is an operation that is painless (thanks to the modern equipment and surgeon's experience) and fast (surgery takes about 10-15 minutes). Approximately, 45,000 cataract surgeries are performed in Slovakia every year. It is the most common, safest and most successful operation on the human body. Prior to the surgery, the patient performs anterior and posterior segment eye examinations as well as biometric eye measurements. During surgery, the blurred lens is removed from the eye and replaced with an artificial lens. The operation is performed under local anesthetic drops. We perform the cataract surgery with most up-to-date and the safest phacoemulsification apparatus this age has to offer – the CENTURION VISION SYSTEM, which divides the lens into small parts which are then sucked out. Subsequently, a new, clear, artificial (acrylic) lens is permanently implanted into the eye. This replaces the dioptric force of the original turbid lens, even removing the original diopter of the patient (myopia or hyperopia). The patient may also choose to implant a special multifocal lens that will improve both long-distance and near-vision, and will no longer need glasses. We implant yellow intraocular lenses, which, thanks to the yellow filter, protect the eye's retina from the impact of the harmful blue part of the light spectrum. The surgery technique itself is very gentle - the surgery is done through a very small incision (2.2mm), which reduces the amount of postoperative complications, speeds up vision recovery and shortens the duration of the surgery. Vision is refreshed very quickly after the surgery, usually on the second day. In some cases, vision may be blurred after surgery, but will clear out within a few days. Visual stabilization usually occurs 4 weeks after surgery. After this time, it is possible to prescribe new glasses (for patients who have not had a multifocal lens implanted, enabling them to see at all distances without eyeglasses).